The Florence ISD Dyslexia Program is committed to providing researched-based individualized reading intervention, in order to promote grade-level performance amongst all students, therefore impacting student achievement in all academic areas.
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties usually result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (Adopted by the International Dyslexia Association Board of Directors, November 12, 2002).
Characteristics of Dyslexia:
The following difficulties may be associated with Dyslexia if they are unexpected for the individual’s age, educational level, or cognitive abilities:
Difficulty with the development of phonological awareness and phonological processing skills (processing the sounds of speech), including segmenting or breaking spoken words into individual sounds
Difficulty accurately decoding nonsense or unfamiliar words
Difficulty reading single words in isolation
Inaccurate and labored oral reading
Lack of reading fluency
Variable degrees of difficulty with reading comprehension
Variable degrees of difficulty learning the names of letters and their associated sounds
Difficulty with learning to spell
Difficulty in word finding and rapid naming
Variable difficulty with aspects of written composition
Difficulty with learning and reproducing the alphabet in the correct sequence (in either oral or written form)
Family history of similar problems