What is Dyslexia?

The word dyslexia is derived from the Greek 'dys' (poor or inadequate) and 'lexis' (word or language). Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by problems in expressive or receptive, oral or written language. Problems may emerge in reading, spelling, writing, speaking, listening or mathematics. Dyslexia results from differences in the structure and function of the brain. Although visual and auditory processing problems may exist, language-processing difficulties distinguish dyslexics as a group. This means that the person with dyslexia has problems translating language to thought (as in writing or speaking).
Dyslexia is not the result of low intelligence. An unexpected gap exists between learning aptitude and achievement in school. The problem is not behavioral, psychological, motivational or social, and people with dyslexia do not 'see backward'.
Dyslexia is not a disease; it has no cure. People with dyslexia are unique, each having individual strengths and weaknesses. Dyslexia describes a different kind of mind, often gifted and productive, that learns differently. Dyslexics often show special talent in areas that require visual, spatial and motor integration. Many dyslexics are creative and have talent in areas such as art, athletics, architecture, graphics, electronics, mechanics, drama, music or engineering.